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PLACES

Atsuta Shrine / 熱田神宮(愛知県・名古屋市)

2013.05.15 [PLACES,WHAT'S NEW]

ATSUTA SHRINE

Ranking second only to the Great Shrine of Ise, the ancient Atsuta Shrine in Atsuta Ward of Nagoya City
dates back almost 2,000 years, and is dedicated to the “Five Great Gods of Atsuta”, all of whom are 
connected with the sacred sword Kusanagi no Tsurugi, or “The Grass Cutting Sword”.  The sword, 
one of the Three Imperial Regalia of Japan, is likened to Britain’s “Excalubur”.  According to the eighthth 
Century compiled kojiki, the oldest extant chronicle of Japan, the god, Susanoo found the sword in the tail 
of an eight headed dragon he had slain. The sword was later presented to the goddess Amaterasu, and later presented to the warrior Yamato Takeru, who used it’s magical powers to cut his way out of a grass fire 
started by a treacherous enemy warlord, hence it’s moniker, the Grass Cutting Sword.

 

 

熱田神宮。ここは、伊勢神宮につぐ、格式高い神宮の一つだと言われており、2013年、
創祀1900年を迎えました。天照大神(あまてらすおおみかみ)、素戔嗚尊(すさのおのみこと)
日本武尊(やまとたけるのみこと)をはじめとする、偉大な神々が祀られており、三種の神器の一つである
「草薙神剣(くさなぎのみつるぎ)」が、熱田神宮のご神体です。

 

日本の神話「古事記」によれば、スサノオノミコトがヤマタノオロチを退治した時に、しっぽから出てきた剣が
「天叢雲剣(あめのむらくものつるぎ)=草薙神剣(くさなぎのみつるぎ)」であり、この剣が、スサノオノミコト
から天照大神に奉納され、ニニギノミコトに受け継がれたとされています。その後、日本武尊
(やまとたけるのみこと)が、草薙神剣を持って戦い(蝦夷征伐)に参加した後、日本武尊の妃である宮簀媛命
(みやすひめのみこと)が、この熱田の地に草薙神剣を祀ったのがはじまりと言われています。

 

 

 The Shinto Shrine is believed to have been established to house the legendary sword, and is said to
safeguard  it for the Imperial household. Despite having such a treasure, the shrine refuses to display
the sword. Much of the shrine was destroyed by the fire-bombings of World War Two, but was re-built.  
Atsuta Shrine’s treasure hall houses over 6,000 relics, about 170 of which are designated Important
Cultural Properties, and a National Treasure designated dagger. The Atsuta Jingu Museum preserves 
and displays a variety of historic items, including sacred garments, manuscripts, masks, mirrors, 
furniture, and a large collection of swords. Displays are changed monthly.

 

 

熱田神宮は、約6,000にもおよぶ(うち、国及び愛知県の指定文化財170点余。国宝の短刀1点もあり)
多数の貴重な宝物を所蔵。朝廷、幕府、戦国武将、尾張藩より寄進された刀剣、書、絵画、彫刻など、
さまざまな種類の宝物は、常設の宝物館で毎月入れ替えられ、展示されています。約6万坪の敷地の中には、
樹齢1000年を越す木々が生い茂り、45の社が祀られ、織田信長が「桶狭間の合戦」の勝利を記念して奉納した
「信長塀」なども見られるなど、見どころは数多くあります。

 

 

Atsuta Shrine draws over 9 million visitors annually, and is particularly busy over the first few days
of January,when it receives many worshippers looking to make New Years prayers.

 

現在も、年間70あまりの祭典、神事を昔ながらの形で執り行なわれている熱田神宮。今もなお、格式高い
神宮でありながら、地元の人々にとっては、とても身近な存在。毎年、初詣には大勢の参拝客が訪れるのは
もちろんのこと、七五三、初えびす、結婚式など、ことあるごとに、日頃から地元の人々が訪れる大切な
場所となっています。

 

Atsuta Shrine hosts over 70 ceremonies and festivals every year, some of the main events being;

 

Hatsu-Ebisu (January 5): Dedicated to Ebisu for good fortune in business.

 

Yodameshi Shinji (January 7): Foretells rainfall for the coming year, as determined by the amount
of water collected in a pot below the eastern Treasure House.

 

Touka Shinji (January 11): A variation of the Heian Period (10-12th Century)
Imperial Court ceremony Touka-no-sechie, praying for strong crop yields. 

 

Hosha Shinji (January 15): Ceremony involving shooting arrows at a wooden target.

 

Bugaku Shinji (May 1): An 8th Century Heian Period ceremonial dance performed out of doors.

 

Eyoudo Shinji (May 4): A festival commemorating the return of the sacred sword .

 

Shinyo-Togyo Shinji (May 5): A festival to offer prayers for the security of the Imperial palace.
A portable Mikoshi shrine is carried in a procession to the Western Gate.

 

Rei Sai (June 5): Various portable mikoshi shrines are carried along the approaches to the shrine,
and at night, sets of 365 traditional lanterns light up the gates. Exhibitions of judo, swordsmanship
andarchery are presented for the gratification of the deities.

 

Atsuta Shrine is an oasis of green in metropolitan Nagoya city, covering 200,000 M2 . Of note,
amongst ancient trees, ponds and smaller shrines are the remains of the Nobunaga Bei, a 7.4m
high tile topped mud wall donated and built to protect the shrine by the warlord Oda Nobunaga
following his victory at the Battle of Okehazama in 1560.

 

 

ATSUTA SHRINE INFORMATION 

ACCESS

3 minutes walk from Meitetsu Railways Jingumae Station,

8 minutes walk from JR Atsuta Station

a short walk from Meijo Line subway, Jingu Nishi station.

Easily accessed by car, the shrine offers free parking on the East side entrance, near the Meitetsu station.

 


View Larger Map

 

WEB Site: http://www.atsutajingu.or.jp/ (Japanese)

      http://www.atsutajingu.or.jp/en/intro/(English)

 

ADDRESS:1-1-1 Jingu, Atsuta-ku Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture 456-0031 Japan

 

 


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