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PLACES

Japanese Castle – IGA UENO CASTLE / 伊賀上野城(三重県)

2013.06.19 [PLACES,WHAT'S NEW]

【Japanese Castle】 IGA UENO CASTLE / 伊賀上野城(三重県)

Iga Ueno is the home of the ninja! It is also the home of the wandering poet, Matsuo Basho,
as well as the home to one of Japan’s most famous castles, the Hakuho, or “White Phoenix”
Castle, better known as Iga Ueno Castle, used in the 1980 multi award winning Kurosawa Akira
directed movie, Kagemusha.

 

伊賀上野は、伊賀流忍者発祥の地。そして、松尾芭蕉の出身地でもあり、立派な高石垣のある伊賀上野城
(別名:白鳳城)も有名です。この伊賀上野城周辺では、1980年に公開された、黒澤明監督「影武者」の
撮影も行われました。

 

 

Construction of Iga Ueno Castle commenced under the command of Takigawa Katsutoshi (1543-1610)
although he was dispossessed of his lands a year later. Most of the Honmaru, inner citadel, and the keep
were completed in 1585 by lord Tsutsui Sadatsugu (1562-1615) by appointment of Toyotomi Hideyoshi.
Following Hideyoshi’s demise and the Battle of Sekigahara, Tsutsui was accused of poor governance and
his clan abolished by the Tokugawa Shogun in 1608. In his place, the Tokugawa installed the warrior
Todo Takatora, (1556-1630) a daimyo recognized as one of the finest castle architects of the Sengoku
Period, having at least 20 castles to his credit. The Tokugawa Ieyasu ordered the castle be increased and
strengthened in order to use it as a base with which to launch an attack on Osaka.

 

伊賀上野城の歴史は、滝川雄利(かつとし)が、平楽寺の跡に砦を築いたことにはじまり、天下統一をはかる
豊臣秀吉の命によって伊賀をおさめることになった筒井定次によって、1585年、三層の天守など本格的な城が
築城されたと言われています。秀吉が死去し、徳川家康が力を持つようになると、定次は、本人の悪政や家臣団
の争いなどもあり、伊賀の地から追い払われます。その後、伊賀に入ったのは家康から絶大なる信頼をおかれて
いた築城の名手・藤堂高虎。筒井氏の時代には、豊臣家の城「大坂城」を守るための城としてつくられた伊賀
上野城ですが、徳川家康からの命を受けた藤堂氏がつくったのは、大坂城を攻めるための城。豊臣と徳川との
決戦に供えてつくられたと考えられています。

 

 

Takatora rebuilt the Honmaru inner bailey, and increased the height of the stone ramparts to a
record 30 meters, making them the highest in Japan, rivaling those of Osaka Castle! The elegant
white castle, sitting tall on it’s stone walls was also known as Hakuho, or “White Phoenix” Castle,
as it was said to have resembled the mythical bird nesting in the greenery at it’s base.

 

 

 

Between 1614 and 1615, ten watchtowers, and a 40m long storage watchtower, main gate and castle
palace were built. These were all used until 1825. The castle remains were demolished in 1869 at the 
end of Japan’s feudal period. Unfortunately the six story main tower of the castle was destroyed in a
typhoon in 1612 during construction, killing and injuring scores of workers and samurai and due to the 
Tokugawa Shogun enforced laws regarding castle building and upkeep, was never rebuilt until 1935, 
when the multi-story keep was again re-constructed in wood.  The castle is now a museum containing 
a fine selection of samurai arms and armor, scrolls, artworks and artifacts from around the region. 
From the top of the castle you can see over the city of Iga Ueno.

 

高虎は1611年、本丸を拡張。さらに高さ約30mの高石垣も作られます。この高石垣は、大坂城の石垣と
一、二を争う高さ。高石垣の上に立てば、その高さに驚くこと間違いなしです。高虎が建設中だった五層
の天守閣は、完成間近の1612年に台風で倒壊。多くの死者とけが人を出したと言われており、その後、
再建されることはありませんでしたが、1614年〜15年にかけ10の櫓、約40mの多門櫓、大手門、御殿などが
建設され、1825年まで城としての役割を果たしました。1869年、廃城令により取り壊された後、1935年、
伊賀市出身の政治家・川崎克によって三層三階の天守と二層の小天守が木造にて復元。私財を投じて造られた
その立派な天守内には、藤堂高虎の兜をはじめ、甲冑や武具など、見応えのある展示がなされています。

 

 

The Iga Ueno Castle is a much loved symbol of the city and the castle and grounds are now
registered as a National Historical Site. The Ninja Museum and former Ninja residence farm-house
are within the castle grounds, as is the strangely shaped temple and museum dedicated to the
wandering poet Matsuo Basho.

 

 

伊賀市のシンボル、伊賀上野城。伊賀市有形文化財、そして国の史跡としても登録されています。伊賀
上野城周辺は、上野公園として整備されており、近くには、松尾場所記念館や伊賀流忍者博物館も。
お城とセットで巡ってみるのもオススメです。

 

 

 Information

Web Site; http://www.ict.ne.jp/~uenojyo/  (Japanese)

 

Access; Ueno City is about 95 kilometers west of Nagoya and 80 km east of Osaka.
             From the JR Nagoya or Osaka Station, take the JR Kansai Main Line to Iga Ueno
             Station and transfer to Kintetsu Iga Line to Uenoichi Station. It takes 1 hour and
            40 minutes or 2 hours depending on timing and route.

 

Admission ; 500 yen for adults. A combined admission ticket (with a small discount) is
                    available for Ueno Castle, Ninja Yashiki Museum, and the Danjiri Museum,
                    all of which are within easy walking distance of each other.

 

Opening hours for Ueno Castle are from 9am to 5pm (last admission at 4.45pm). 

 


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