Warning: array_merge(): Argument #2 is not an array in /home/bricksuk2/www/japanworld/wp-content/plugins/wp-pagenavi/scb/Options.php on line 44

CULTURE

Japanese Swords, Tachi

2014.05.20 [CULTURE,DISCOVERY,WHAT'S NEW]

Tachi are an early type of Japanese sword, worn by the nobility and warrior classes of feudal Japan.
From the Heian to the Muromachi period, the tachi was the primary battlefield sword. Preceding
development of the slightly shorter uchigatana (lit: striking sword) and later katana, tachi were worn
with the blade facing downwards, and instead of being worn in the sash-like obi and the straps of
hakama, were worn suspended horizontally from two hangers called ashi, and tied around the waist
with a cord called the Tachi-no-O.

 

 

 

Tachi and katana can be further distinguished by the location of the signature (mei) on the tang, or nakago.
As the tachi was worn with the blade down, and a katana with the blade facing upwards, either way, the
mei should be facing away from the wearer. Tachi were generally lighter in proportion to their length, and
featured a greater taper from hilt to point than a katana. The
kissaki, point, was also smaller than that of
a katana. Whereas the katana was a weapon used primarily for cutting, tachi were traditionally worn with
armor, hence they were used more as a stabbing blade, and for cutting into the weaker parts of armor,
such as vulnerable neck areas, the inner arm and armpits, as well as the lightly guarded groin areas.

  

Popular during the Muromachi period were O-dachi and Nodachi, (Great sword, and Field Sword) swords
with blades of 165~178cm, used mostly for intimidating the enemy and used as a votive offering to shrines.
Being so long they could not be carried at the waist, and instead were often carried slung across the back.
This made it impossible to draw quickly, and usually required an assistant to help draw it from the scabbard.
The fighting style also differs.

 

Very few Odachi and Nodachi survive, mostly due to laws made in the early 1600’s prohibiting the carrying
of swords over a certain length. Many of these longer swords were cut down to legal size.

 

 

Later, katana would be worn tachi style, by the use of a koshiate, leather plates with leather or cord braids
holding the sword in place with the blade facing downwards, and fastened to the waist by a Tachi-no-O cord.

 

Tachi began to lose favor in the 15th century as the free hanging swords often hindered spear and naginata
pole arm fighting, and as the act of drawing and cutting required a single action in close fighting lead to the adoption of the uchigatana and katana as the weapon of choice.

 

 

The production of Japanese swords is divided into six time periods. Jokoto (Ancient Swords, until around
900 A.D.)  Koto, (Old Swords, around 900 A.D. -1596) Shinto (New Swords, 1596-1780) Shinshinto (New
-new Swords, 1781-1876) Gendaito (Modern Swords, 1876-1945) and Shinsakuto (Newly Made Swords,
1953- present) 


Blogger

Chris Glenn
Chris Glenn
Sam Ryan
Sam Ryan
中島 大蔵
中島 大蔵
山内 美鳳
山内 美鳳
Les Paterson
Les Paterson
山口 晃司
山口 晃司
湯浅 大司
湯浅 大司
Adam Blackrock
Adam Blackrock
名古屋和髪隊
名古屋和髪隊
中島 繁正
中島 繁正
キモノでジャック愛知
キモノでジャック愛知
Pauline Chakmakjian
Pauline Chakmakjian
総合管理者
総合管理者
view more

Interview

Japanese Wooden Barrel Cooper Craftsman, Kurita Minoru Kurita Minoru was born in Nagoya on July 4, 1…More

Nagoya Butsudan (Home Buddhist Altar) Craftsman, Goto Katsumi   Goto Katsumi is the third gener…More

Nagoya Yuzen,  Traditional ArtisanMitsuhisa Horibe    Mr.Mitsuhisa Horibe was born in Nagoya in…More

Discovery

Samurai Signatures, Kao (花押) Samurai Signatures, Kao (花押)  Kao (花押) were stylised identification sig…More

Ninja didn’t wear black! Ninja didn’t wear black! Despite the popular image of the black clothed and…More

Samurai File; Shimazu Tadahisa Samurai File; Shimazu Tadahisa (??-August 1, 1227)  Shimazu Tadahisa,…More

Entertainment

Book; Shogun /  James Clavell  In Osaka castle in the autumn of 1598, the great Japanese leader Toyo…More

The 47 Ronin Story / John Allyn In late 2013, Hollywood released its re-imagined version of the clas…More

BOOK REVIEW; Japonius TyrannusThe Japanese Warlord, Oda Nobunaga reconsidered. This is a brilliant b…More






メルマガの登録・解除

サイトの更新情報やイベント情報をメルマガで配信しています(無料)
メールアドレスを入力し「登録する」ボタンをクリックしてください。登録していただいたメールアドレスにメールが届きます。記載されているURLをクリックしていただくことで登録が完了します。

Japan World mail updates !
Get Japan’s history, culture, events with this free service. Register your e-mail below, then press 「登録する」(left) to register, or「登録解除」to cancel.

 

株式会社電脳職人村

EDITOR BLOG