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PLACES

The Nobunaga Wall at Atsuta / 信長塀(のぶながべい)

2013.05.20 [PLACES,Samurai Central Nagoya-Aichi]

The Nobunaga Wall at Atsuta / 信長塀(のぶながべい)

The second most holy shrine after the Great Shrine of Ise, is Atsuta Shrine in Nagoya City’s
Atsuta Ward. There is a special wall that once surrounded the entire shrine complex, and is counted
as one of three most important Otsuchi Walls, along with that of the Sanjusangen-do of Kyoto, and
the Hyogo Nishinomiya Shrine.The reason this wall is so important, is that it was built by the Warring
States General, Oda Nobunaga,and is remembered as the “Nobunaga Wall”.

 

名古屋市熱田区にある熱田神宮。ここには、兵庫西宮(にしのみや)神社の大練(おおねり)塀、
京都三十三間堂の太閤塀と共に日本三大土塀の一つとして数えられる有名な塀がある。
それが、あの戦国武将・織田信長が熱田神宮に寄進した「信長塀」だ。

 

 

 

Nobunaga visited the Great Shrine of Atsuta to pray for victory in the Battle of Okehazama (1560)
He left Kiyosu Castle with just 2,500 samurai to do battle with the 35,000 troops of Imagawa Yoshimoto.
Despite the overwhelming odds, the Nobunaga army claimed a brilliant victory. In gratitude for having
been granted victory, the warlord dedicated the “Nobunaga Wall”. The wall itself is constructed of a cement
made from lime and dirt mixed with oil, and layered between kawara roofing tiles.

 

 

1560年の「桶狭間の戦い」の際、清洲城を出発後、熱田神宮へ立寄り戦勝祈願をおこなった信長。今川軍35,000 、
織田軍2,500と兵力に大差をつけられた織田軍は不利であるかと思われたが、その心配をよそに織田軍は見事勝利
をおさめた。その勝利のお礼にと奉納したのが、この「信長塀」。壁は、土と石灰を油で練り固められ、瓦が
何層にも積み重ねられている。

 

 

Very little of the original wall remains, as much of it was destroyed during wartime air raids.
The remaining lengths can be found just south of the main shrine. Like the shrine, it remains an
important piece of Japan’s history.

 

熱田神宮・本宮の手前に小さな看板があるので、熱田神宮に参った際には、ぜひ見逃さずに見ていただきたい。

 

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