Samurai File 18; Honda Tadakatsu


Honda Tadakatsu (March 17, 1548 – December 3, 1610)

Honda Tadakatsu (also known as Heihachiro) was born in Okazaki, Mikawa (Modern day Aichi Prefecture)
and was one of the top 4 generals, along with
Ii Naomasa, Sakai Tadatsugu, and Sakakibara Yasumasa
serving Tokugawa Ieyasu. Tadakatsu’s name is said to have been based on a pun, Tada can also mean
“just” and katsu also “win”! Tada-katsu or “Just Win!” a good samurai name if there ever was one!




As a close retainer of Ieyasu, and a brilliant tactician, he was at Ieyasu’s side at the battles of Okehazama, Anegawa, Mikatagahara, Nagashino, Komaki Nagakute, and of course at Sekigahara. One of Honda
Tadakatsu’s finest moments came in 1584 during the Komaki Campaign. While Ieyasu departed to fight
the Toyotomi troops at Nagakute, Tadakatsu noticed Hideyoshi leading a large contingent in pursuit.
With a just 30 or so mounted samurai, he challenged Hideyoshi’s forces at a ratio of 50 or 60 to 1 from
across the Shonai River. Toyotomi Hideyoshi, surprised at Tadakatsu’s audacity and bravery ordered that
no harm come to him or his men.


Honda Tadakatsu was called a “samurai among samurai” by Oda Nobunaga. Similarly, Toyotomi Hideyoshi
once commented that among samurai, there was “Honda Tadakatsu in the east and Tachibana Muneshige
in the west”. Takeda Shingen also praised Honda, in saying that saying that “the only things above
Tokugawa Ieyasu are his helmet and Honda Tadakatsu “.


Honda Tadakatsu’s black armor with its distinctive deer antler fitted helmet was a familiar sight on the
battlefield. Tadakatsu’s helmet looks heavy and awkward with large thick horns mounted on top, however,
the antlers were made of a lightweight paper mache covered in lacquer. One of the reasons for him
having deer antlers was not just to make him look stronger or more fearsome, but because of an experience following a decisive battle.


After the Battle of Okehazama, Tadakatsu led the then 19 year-old Ieyasu back to Okazaki Castle. 
The previous days had seen quite a lot of rain, and so the rivers were swollen.  As he was looking for a
way cross, a stag deer made it’s way through the shallows, showing Tadakatsu the way. Seeing this as
auspicious, Tadakatsu adopted the  image of the deer in his efforts to further guide and serve his lord,
Ieyasu, something he did bravely and honorably for the remainder of his life.


Honda Tadakatsu was 57 years-old when he took part in the Battle of Sekigahara, commanding just 500
samurai on the field that day. In a charge on the Shimazu clan war camp, Tadakatsu’s horse was felled
from under him by a volley of arrows. Tadakatsu too crashed to the earth unhurt. Pausing only momentarily
to offer a brief prayer for his fallen horse, he then took the reigns from one of his captains and continued to


Tadakatsu is often referred to as “The Warrior who surpassed Death itself” as he never once suffered a significant wound, despite having fought in over 55 battles He died in Edo in 1610, having cut his own hand during some woodcarving. Watching his blood flow from a blade wound for the first time, he decided his life was at an end, and willed himself to death aged 63 some months later.


Related Article of this Post

2013.07.08 CULTURE Samurai and traditional formal Men’s Attire, Hakama


Chris Glenn
Chris Glenn
Sam Ryan
Sam Ryan
中島 大蔵
中島 大蔵
Les Paterson
Les Paterson
山口 晃司
山口 晃司
湯浅 大司
湯浅 大司
Adam Blackrock
Adam Blackrock
中島 繁正
中島 繁正
Pauline Chakmakjian
Pauline Chakmakjian
view more


Japanese Wooden Barrel Cooper Craftsman, Kurita Minoru Kurita Minoru was born in Nagoya on July 4, 1…More

Nagoya Butsudan (Home Buddhist Altar) Craftsman, Goto Katsumi   Goto Katsumi is the third gener…More

Nagoya Yuzen,  Traditional ArtisanMitsuhisa Horibe    Mr.Mitsuhisa Horibe was born in Nagoya in…More


Samurai Signatures, Kao (花押) Samurai Signatures, Kao (花押)  Kao (花押) were stylised identification sig…More

Ninja didn’t wear black! Ninja didn’t wear black! Despite the popular image of the black clothed and…More

Samurai File; Shimazu Tadahisa Samurai File; Shimazu Tadahisa (??-August 1, 1227)  Shimazu Tadahisa,…More


Book; Shogun /  James Clavell  In Osaka castle in the autumn of 1598, the great Japanese leader Toyo…More

The 47 Ronin Story / John Allyn In late 2013, Hollywood released its re-imagined version of the clas…More

BOOK REVIEW; Japonius TyrannusThe Japanese Warlord, Oda Nobunaga reconsidered. This is a brilliant b…More



Japan World mail updates !
Get Japan’s history, culture, events with this free service. Register your e-mail below, then press 「登録する」(left) to register, or「登録解除」to cancel.